Sexually transmitted diseases

Overview of sexually transmitted diseases, their history and development in humans. Sexually transmitted diseases, known as STDs, have accompanied humans since ancient times. There are several types of sexually transmitted diseases and the history of medicine clearly defines how each of them came to be known.
It is important to point out that there are some well-defined diseases that are found in the genital apparatus, that is to say that they directly affect the male urethra and the penis in the case of men and the female urethra and the vagina in the case of women. There are other diseases, much more generalised, which can affect the whole organism.
These diseases, as I explained at the beginning, have been known for many years in the history of mankind. Before the advent of antibiotics, the physician accompanied the natural history of these diseases. That is why many of them are known stages of syphilis, gonorrhoea and gonorrhoea and all its consequences and complications.
Today, with the identification of STDs as infectious diseases and the use of antibiotics to cure them, much of the STD cycle has been broken. However, there are a variety of diseases corresponding to existing sexual behaviours.


 

Sexually transmitted diseases 1
One such disease is syphilis, which has a dense history in medicine. It is a bacterial disease caused by sexual transmission and has several stages.

Reducing the risk of transmission

In terms of sexual behaviour - I am referring to the number of partners a person may have - and the environment in which these relationships take place, there is still a risk of disease transmission. Although these STDs could be controlled, they continue to exist today because people do not take the necessary measures to reduce the risk of transmission.
One such disease is syphilis, which has a dense history in medicine. It is a bacterial disease caused by sexual transmission and has several stages. One of these is the disease that primarily affects the genital tract, whether male or female. When the disease is not recognised at this stage, it can progress to secondary and tertiary stages that can be devastating for the individual.

These later stages are probably the ones that throughout the history of medicine have given the most to talk about and to do. For example, syphilis can affect, at a very late stage, the heart, the nervous system or various organs with a series of abscesses known as syphilitic gum.
This is so true that in the history of medicine one recognises the existence of syphilis in the differential diagnosis of a number of neurological diseases or heart diseases. Today, with the availability of antibiotics, it is more difficult to get to the secondary and tertiary stages of sexually transmitted diseases, but the incidence of these infections has declined nonetheless.


Whether they are heterosexual, bisexual or homosexual

I would venture to say that probably some sexually transmitted diseases, in some countries, have increased after a period of decline. What I mean by this is that with the rise of HIV and AIDS - with the homosexual population receiving warnings to take prophylactic measures - the group of people at risk of contracting these diseases decreased markedly, as they changed their sexual behaviour. Thus, the incidence of HIV is decreasing. However, other groups, whether heterosexuals, bisexuals or homosexuals, did not pay much attention to prevention measures and sexually transmitted diseases, not necessarily HIV, increased.
On the other hand, people with HIV felt so confident with antiretroviral drugs that they began to say they didn't need to be too careful when taking the drugs.

These people think they are not going to get infected again because they are already infected, but what often happens is that they don't get infected with HIV because they already have it, but they get other sexually transmitted diseases.
To summarise, I would say that the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases has been cyclical throughout the history of medicine. It declined with the advent of antibiotics and later with the advent of AIDS. But they are now being seen again with some frequency, which could lead us to the conclusion that certain more liberal sexual behaviours are returning, which have increased the number of sexually transmitted diseases.
Source: Ricardo Rabagliatti, infectious diseases specialist at the clinical hospital of the Catholic University of Chile.

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